2019śr11wrz11:4512:15Virtues and Flourishing. A Case for the Virtue of Justicemgr Ziemowit Gowin (Uniwersytet Warszawski)11:45 - 12:15 CTW-102 (Centrum Transferu Wiedzy) organizator: Sekcja Gości Zagranicznych/Foreign Guest Section
The problem of personal well-being is widely discussed in today’s normative ethics. Objective list of theorists, subjectivists, desire satisfaction theorists, and hybrid theorists, among others, try to determine what is
The problem of personal well-being is widely discussed in today’s normative ethics. Objective list of theorists, subjectivists, desire satisfaction theorists, and hybrid theorists, among others, try to determine what is good for a person—and whether and to what extent it’s determined by a person and her own values. It is important to remember that most of philosophers do not equate prudential goods (what’s good for a person) and moral goods (what’s good per se), and so the issue of well-being can be analyzed apart from moral considerations. Nonetheless, there are those who argue that living morally and living well –i.e. in a manner which is good for a person – is one and the same thing. Today’s neo-Aristotelians claim that each person’s goal is (her own) eudaimonia, i.e. flourishing; apart from that, they accept the necessity of virtues thesis, according to which in order to flourish a person needs to be virtuous. Flourishing, it is said, is partly constituted by living virtuously.
Virtually every advocate of eudaimonism accepts that justice is one of the main virtues. However, there are philosophers who worry that sometimes – under given circumstances – being just isn’t good for a person; it can be against her self-interest. The goal of my paper is to defend a thesis that being just is always in person’s self-interest and is a constitutive part of her flourishing. I will thus (i) explain what flourishing is; (ii) briefly present an alternative definition of virtue and (iii) definition of justice as pertaining to judging others in accordance with their character, behavior and values. The main part of my paper will be focused on showing (iv) how treating others justly is good for our flourishing and self-interest and is consistent with a rational hierarchy of values which are sine qua non of happiness. I will argue that the opposite “policy” – being unjust when it allegedly fits our purposes – can never be good for our lives taken as a whole.
Sekcja Gości Zagranicznych/Foreign Guest SectionPrzewodnicząca Sekcji: dr hab. Agnieszka Lekka-Kowalik, prof. KUL
Sekretarz Sekcji: mgr Marcin Grabowski (KUL)